Først startet jeg med den norske utgaven av Wikipedia for å finne ut hva de skrev om konspirasjoner – ikke ett eneste ord, den siden fantes ikke. Derimot hadde de mye stoff om konspirasjonsteorier og –teoretikere. Har det aldri vært noen form for konspirasjon i vårt land eller verden forøvrig? Hvor kommer så alle konspirasjonsteorier fra? Selv kan jeg ikke forstå annet enn at jo mer hemmelighold blant ledere, desto flere teorier vil det bli om hva de egentlig driver med. Består noe av hemmeligholdet av rene konspirasjoner, slik som å ta makt fra noen, styrte lands ledere, utnytte land til egen fordel, politiske konspirasjoner, osv.? Selvsagt har det vært det. Også i Norge har vi hatt stygge konspirasjoner, men det snakker vi jo helst ikke om
Så jeg gikk videre til den engelske Wikipedia-versjonen av ordet konspirasjon. Her gjorde jeg noen flere funn. Det var tre inndelinger av ordet:
For actual conspiracies, see Conspiracy (civil), Conspiracy (criminal), and List of conspiracies (political)
Valget falt på politiske konspirasjoner. Det står ikke så veldig mye, men i bunnen er det tatt med en ganske omfattende liste over politiske konspirasjoner. Ganske interessant, tatt i betraktning at så mange snakker svært nedsettende om “konspirasjonsteoretikere”. Det spørsmålet jeg stiller meg, er: Ville sannheten om konspirasjoner nevnt på den listen noen gang ha blitt kjent av offentligheten hvis det ikke hadde vært for såkalte konspirasjonsteoretikere som presser fram sannheten? Noen har en bedre evne til å lunkte stank enn hva de fleste har, og de graver til de finner årsaken til stanken. Forhåpentligvis blir det færre og færre som lar seg lure til å tro at disse tingene ikke skjer i dag. De nyeste eksemplene er Ukraina og attentatet på Venezuelas president Nicolas Maduro. Det siste mislyktes heldigvis.
En nettside har tatt for seg 25 kjente politiske konspirasjoner, de fleste utført av myndighetene i USA. Men som nevnt er det neppe noen grunn til å tvile på at vi har mange slike forhold også i Norge, siden vi så lenge har samarbeidet svært tett med USA, og ikke minst deres hemmelige tjenester. Den øverste teksten i Wikipedia-artiklene er sitert, slik at det er lettere å se hva disse hemmelige operasjonene handlet om.
1. Operation Ivy Bells
Operation Ivy Bells was a joint United States Navy, CIA, and National Security Agency (NSA) mission whose objective was to place wire taps on Soviet underwater communication lines during the Cold War. […]
2. Stargate Project
The Stargate Project was the code name for a project established by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency to investigate claims of psychic phenomena with potential military and domestic application, such as remote viewing, which is the purported ability to psychically “see” events, sites, or information from a great distance.
3. Project RESISTANCE
Project RESISTANCE was a domestic espionage operation coordinated under the Domestic Operations Division (DOD) of the CIA. Its purpose was to collect background information on groups around the U.S. that might pose threats to CIA facilities and personnel. From 1967 to 1973, many local police departments, college campus staff members, and other independent informants collaborated with the CIA to keep track of student radical groups that opposed the U.S. government’s foreign policies on Vietnam. Project RESISTANCE and its twin program, Project MERRIMAC were both coordinated by the CIA Office of Security. In addition, the twin projects were branch operations that relayed civilian information to their parent program, Operation CHAOS.
4. Project MKOften
Project MKOFTEN was a covert Department of Defense program developed in conjunction with the CIA. A partner program to MKSEARCH, the goal of MKOFTEN was to “test the behavioral and toxicological effects of certain drugs on animals and humans”.
5. Phoenix Program
The Phoenix Program (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Phụng Hoàng, a word related to fenghuang, the Chinese phoenix) was a program designed, coordinated, and executed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States special operations forces, special forces operatives from the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV), and the Republic of Vietnam‘s (South Vietnam) security apparatus during the Vietnam War.
6. Operation Washtub
- Operation Washtub (Nicaragua), a covert CIA operation in Nicaragua in the 1950s
- Operation Washtub (United States), a covert Air Force and FBI operation in Alaska in the 1950s
7. Operation MIAS
An arms-reduction mission run by the American Central Intelligence Agency, Operation MIAS (Missing in Action Stingers) was tasked with buying back Stinger missiles given to the Mujahideen to fight the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Information about the program remains classified, although information has been gleaned from media accounts and government officials speaking off the record.
8. Operation Kufire
Operation Kufire was a program that sought to identify and track all communist party members who had flocked to Guatemala during the Arbenz regime. “Via Kufire, the CIA was intent on charting their movements and monitoring or frustrating their machinations.” This operation introduced the CIA to Ernesto “Che” Guevara and it is interesting to note, that one member of the CIA team was unsure as to whether it was even necessary to open a file and track Guevara’s movements.
9. Operation Mockingbird
Operation Mockingbird was a secret campaign by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to influence media. Begun in the 1950s, it was initially organized by Cord Meyer and Allen W. Dulles, and was later led by Frank Wisner after Dulles became the head of the CIA. The organization recruited leading American journalists into a network to help present the CIA’s views, and funded some student and cultural organizations, and magazines as fronts. As it developed, it also worked to influence foreign media and political campaigns, in addition to activities by other operating units of the CIA.
10. Project MKNaomi
MKNAOMI was the code name for a joint Department of Defense/CIA research program lasting from the 1950s through the 1970s. Unclassified information about the MKNAOMI program and the related Special Operations Division is scarce. It is generally reported to be a successor to the MKDELTA project and to have focused on biological projects including biological warfare agents—specifically, to store materials that could either incapacitate or kill a test subject and to develop devices for the diffusion of such materials.
11. Operation Merlin
Operation Merlin is a United States covert operation under the Clinton Administration to provide Iran with a flawed design for a component of a nuclear weapon ostensibly in order to delay the alleged Iranian nuclear weapons program, or to frame Iran.
12. Operation Gold
Operation Gold (also known as Operation Stopwatch by the British) was a joint operation conducted by the American CIA and the British Secret Intelligence Service in the 1950s to tap into landline communication of the Soviet Army headquarters in Berlin using a tunnel into the Soviet-occupied zone. This was a much more complex variation of the earlier Operation Silver project in Vienna. Soviet authorities were informed about Operation Gold from the very beginning by their mole George Blake and “discovered” the tunnel in 1956.
13. Project Fubelt
Project FUBELT (also known as Track II) is the code name for the secret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operations that were to prevent Salvador Allende rise to power before his confirmation, and promote a military coup in Chile.
The highlights of Project FUBELT are cited in declassified U.S. government documents released by the National Security Archive on September 11, 1998, 25 years after the coup, as well as in papers uncovered by a 1975 congressional inquiry.
14. Abu Omar Case
The Abu Omar Case refers to the abduction and transfer to Egypt of the Imam of Milan Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, also known as Abu Omar. The case was picked by the international media as one of the better-documented cases of extraordinary rendition carried out in a joint operation by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Italian Military Intelligence and Security Service (SISMI) in the context of the “global war on terrorism” declared by the Bush administration.
15. Acoustic Kitty
Acoustic Kitty was a CIA project launched by the Directorate of Science & Technology in the 1960s attempting to use cats in spy missions, intended to spy on the Kremlin and Soviet embassies, recording the links between the buildings in the area. A battery and a microphone were implanted into a cat and an antenna into its tail. This would allow the cats to innocuously record and transmit sound from their surroundings. Due to problems with distraction, the cat’s sense of hunger had to be addressed in another operation.Surgical and training expenses are thought to have amounted to over $25 million.
16. Project Azorian
“Azorian” (erroneously called “Jennifer” after its Top Secret Security Compartment by the press) was the code name for a U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) project to recover the sunken Soviet submarine K-129 from the Pacific Ocean floor in the summer of 1974, using the purpose-built ship Hughes Glomar Explorer. The 1968 sinking of the K-129 occurred approximately 1,560 nautical miles (2,890 km) northwest of Hawaii. Project Azorian was one of the most complex, expensive, and secretive intelligence operations of the Cold War at a cost of about $800 million ($3.8 billion in 2015 dollars).
17. Project 404
Project 404 was the code name for a covert United States Air Force advisory mission to Laos during the later years of the Second Indochina War, which would eventually become known in the United States as the Vietnam War. The purpose of Project 404 was to supply the line crew technicians needed to support and train the Royal Laotian Air Force, while Raven Forward Air Controllers were brought in to supply piloting expertise and guidance for running a tactical air force. The two programs together comprised Palace Dog.
18. Operation CHAOS
Operation CHAOS or Operation MHCHAOS was the code name for a domestic espionage project conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency. A department within the CIA was established in 1967 on orders from President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson and later expanded under President Richard Nixon. The operation was launched under Director of Central Intelligence (DCI)Richard Helms, by chief of counter-intelligence, James Jesus Angleton, and headed by Richard Ober. The program’s goal was to unmask possible foreign influences on the student antiwar movement. The “MH” designation is to signify the program had a worldwide area of operations.
19. Operation Valkyrie
Operation Valkyrie (German: Operation Walküre) was a German World War II emergency continuity of government operations plan issued to the Territorial Reserve Army of Germany to execute and implement in case of a general breakdown in civil order of the nation. Failure of the government to maintain control of civil affairs might have been caused by the Allied bombing of German cities, or uprising of the millions of foreign forced laborers working in German factories.
20. Operation Neptune Spear
The official mission code name was Operation Neptune Spear. Neptune’s spear is the trident, which appears on the U.S. Navy’s Special Warfare insignia, with the three prongs of the trident representing the operational capacity of SEALs on sea, air and land.
21. Operation Wrath of God
Operation “Wrath of God” (Hebrew: מבצע זעם האל Mivtza Za’am Ha’el), also known as Operation “Bayonet”, was a covert operation directed by the Mossad to assassinate individuals suspected of being involved in the 1972 Munich massacre in which 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team were killed. The targets were members of the Palestinianarmed militant group Black September and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operatives. Authorized by Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in the autumn of 1972, the operation is believed to have continued for over twenty years.
22. Bay of Pigs Invasion
The Bay of Pigs Invasion, known in Latin America as Invasión de Bahía de Cochinos (or Invasión de Playa Girón orBatalla de Girón), was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506on 17 April 1961. A counter-revolutionary military, trained and funded by the United States government’s Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Brigade 2506 fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front (DRF) and intended to overthrow the Communist government of Fidel Castro. Launched from Guatemala, the invading force was defeated within three days by the Cuban armed forces, under the direct command of Prime Minister of Cuba Fidel Castro.
23. Operation Anthropoid
Operation Anthropoid was the code name for the assassination of SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The operation was carried out in Pragueon 27 May 1942 after having been prepared by the British Special Operations Executive with the approval of theCzechoslovak government-in-exile. Although only wounded in the attack, Heydrich died of his injuries on 4 June 1942. His death led to a wave of merciless reprisals by German SS troops, including the destruction of villages and the killing of civilians.
24. Project MKUltra
Project MKUltra — sometimes referred to as the CIA’s mind control program — was the code name given to an illegal and clandestine program of experiments on human subjects, designed and undertaken by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations and torture, in order to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind control.
25. Operation Paperclip
Operation Paperclip was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program in which over 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States for employment in the aftermath of World War II. It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), and in the context of theburgeoning Cold War. One purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific expertise and knowledge to theSoviet Union and the United Kingdom, as well as inhibiting post-war Germany from redeveloping its military research capabilities.
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Dette var de 25 tilfellene nevnt på nettsiden, men det er som sagt bare et lite utvalg. Gulf of Tonkin-episoden er bare én av mange hemmelige operasjoner som startet en krig, men som ikke er nevnt. Her var også Norge innblandet. (Fra Gulf of Tonkin-linken: For the maritime portion of the covert operation, Tjeld-class fast patrol boats had been purchased quietly from Norway and sent to South Vietnam. Although the crews of the boats were South Vietnamese naval personnel, approval for each mission conducted under the plan came directly from Admiral U.S. Grant Sharp, Jr., CINCPAC in Honolulu, who received his orders from the White House.)
Her er en video som går raskt gjennom stoffet presentert over:
Med takk til nettsiden The Spirit Science.
Én kommentar til “Konspirasjoner”
Tja, Ingrid, operasjonen med å føre Norge inn i EØS/EU må vel sies å være nåtidens største norske politiske konspirasjon? Forøvrig, takk for fin oversikt!